Saturday, 21 July 2012

Romeo and Juliet Study Guide and Notes

Act 1 Scene 1 Overview

The play begins with the two Capulets, Gregory and Sampson, joking about their hatred for the Monatgues. As they pass two of the Montagues, they decide to insult them. Just as a brawl was about to break out, Benvolio, a Montague, arrives and attempts to stop the fight. Immediately Tybalt, who was a Capulet, enters and insults Benvolio, restarting the brawl. The Prince of Verona, Italy, arrives and restores peace. He threatens that anyone who breaks the peace again will be put to death.

Characters in this scene: 
  • Sampson
  • Prince
  • Gregory
  • Abraham
  • Tybalt
  • Benvolio
  • Capulet
  • Officer
  • Lady Capulet
  • Lord Montague
  • Lady Montague
In this scene, there is a lot of joking about sex, fighting and cowardice. 

Act 1 Scene 1 Part 2 Overview

After the brawl, Montague and Lady Montague question Benvolio about the brawl, then about Romeo. They are concerned by his moody and anti-social behaviour. Benvolio approaches Romeo, who tells him that he is depressed because the girl who he loves, does not love him back. Benvolio tries to persuade Romeo to forget about her. 

Act 1 Scene 2 Overview

Paris asks Capulet for the permission to marry his daughter, Juliet. Capulet insists that she is still too young, but invites Paris to a party at this mansion that night. He then gives a guest list to one of his servants who so happen to be unable to read. The servant bumps into Romeo and Benvolio, who are still discussing Romeo's sadness. Romeo reads out the list, which includes Rosaline (his lover) and his best friend, Mercutio. The servant invites Benvolio and Romeo to the part and eventually Benvolio persuades Romeo to attend, claiming that he will surely find someone there more beautiful than Rosaline.

Act 1 Scene 3 Overview

Lady Capulet informs Juliet that Paris wishes to marry her. In doing so, she attempts to persuade Juliet that marriage is desirable and looks for the Nurse's support.

Act 1 Scene 4 Overview

One of Romeo's good friends, Mercutio, persuades a reluctant Romeo to accompany a group of them to a masked ball at the Capulet's mansion. He debates with Romeo on the nature of love and dreams. At the end of the scene, Romeo tells his friends that he has a bad feeling about what might happen that night.

Act 1 Scene 5 Overview

At the Capulet's masked ball, Romeo meets Juliet and they fall in love at first sight. Tybalt bitterly complains to Capulet about Romeo and his intrusion, but Capulet orders him not to take revenge. The scene ends with first Romeo and Juliet discovering that they are from rival families. 

Act 2 Scene 1 Overview

Romeo hides from Mercutio and Benvolio who call after him. Mercutio mocks the overly romantic Romeo with playful insults and dirty jokes. When Romeo fails to return, they decide to go home.

Act 2 Scene 2 Overview

In the orchard of the Capulet's mansion, Romeo looks up towards a window and, seeing Juliet, reflects upon her beauty. He listens to her speak of her love for him and then emerges from the shadows, startling her. The couple talk of their love but are interrupted by Juliet's nurse calling for her. It is agreed that they will mary, and Juliet tells Romeo that she will send someone to him so the wedding can be arranged. The scene ends with neither of the lovers wishing to say their final goodbye. 

Act 2 Scene 3 Overview

Friar Lawrence makes a comparison between human nature and the flower he is holding, which contains both medicine and poison. Romeo enters and tells him of his love for Juliet. The Friar questions the depth of Romeo's love in light of his recent 'love' for Rosaline; however, he agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet not because of love, but in the hope that it will end the feud between the two families. 

Act 2 Scene 4 Overview 

Now, the morning after the Capulet feast, Mercutio and Benvolio search for Romeo. Mercutio blames Romeo's absence on his love for the "pale, hard-hearted wench," Rosaline. Benvolio has discovered that Tybalt has sent Romeo a challenge to duel, and Mercutio is amused at the thought of an encounter between Romeo, the romantic, and Tybalt, the fashionable "Prince of Cats." Romeo then arrives and engages in a long series of linked puns and quibbles with Mercutio. The Nurse arrives with her servant, Peter, looking for Romeo. Mercutio exasperates her with his quick, sharp mockery. Mercutio leaves with Benvolio, and Romeo tellsthe Nurse that Juliet should meet him at Friar Laurence's cell at 2 p.m. that afternoon to be married. The Nurse is to collect a rope ladder from Romeo so that he can climb to Juliet's window to celebrate their wedding night.

ACT 2 SCENE 5 Overview

Juliet, alone in the garden, has been waiting for the Nurse’s return. The Nurse left at nine, promising to be back in half-an-hour, but it is now noon. Juliet wonders why the Nurse is late and feels that the messengers for lovers should be fast-footed. At last, the Nurse arrives. Juliet, anxious for news, asks her what has happened. The Nurse, instead of answering questions, starts complaining about her aches and pains. Then, she praises Romeo. She breaks off and asks if lunch is over. Then, she inquires where Lady Capulet is. She continues to tease her charge until Juliet loses her temper. The Nurse finally tells Juliet that the Friar has called her for confession that same afternoon and has also agreed to perform the marriage ceremony. 

ACT 2  SCENE 6 Overview

Romeo, after meeting the Nurse, has gone at once to Friar Lawrence’s cell to make his confession before his marriage, and he is waiting there for Juliet’s arrival. The Friar prays for a blessing on the confession and absolution of Romeo which have just been performed. Romeo piously says ‘Amen’ to the benediction. He thinks of his approaching happiness and states that he is ready to die if necessary, an ironic foreshadowing of the final events of the play.
The Friar, in keeping with his personality, advises Romeo to moderate his joy and warns about hastiness. Juliet then enters quietly and stands silently. The Friar considers this silence as an indication that Juliet`s love will be eternal. Romeo asks Juliet to express her intentions, but she cannot because her emotions have overcome her. The Friar then bids them to follow him into the Chapel for the wedding ceremony. 

ACT 3  SCENE 1 Overview

Mercutio and Benvolio are in the public square of the city. Benvolio suggests that they go home since the Capulets are likely to encounter them. Mercutio is always ready for a fight and accuses Benvolio of being too peace loving.

True to Benvolio’s prediction, Tybalt and his attendants arrive on the scene. Tybalt wants to know Romeo’s whereabouts as he has not replied to his letter of challenge. Mercutio mocks him and draws his sword. Just then, Romeo arrives.
Tybalt calls Romeo a villain. Romeo, fresh from his marriage to Juliet, informs him that reasons of love prevent him from fighting, but he denies that he is a villain. Tybalt again invites Romeo to a fight, and Romeo refuses. Because he has married Juliet, he now loves all the Capulets. Mercutio finds Romeo’s submission dishonorable and draws his sword. He dares Tybalt to fight him, and the duel begins. Romeo tries to stop the fight. In the confusion that follows, Tybalt wounds Mercutio. Tybalt and his men flee from the scene , and Mercutio dies.
When Tybalt returns, Romeo discards his softness, calls Tybalt a villain, and challenges him to fight to the death. When they fight, Romeo kills Tybalt. As the citizens attempt to arrest Romeo, Benvolio bids him to flee and he rushes off.
The Prince arrives with his attendants followed by Montagues and Capulets. Benvolio informs him that Tybalt killed Mercutio and, in turn, Romeo has slain the murderer. Lady Capulet breaks out in loud lamentations over the death of her beloved nephew and demands that Romeo be put to death. The Prince, paying no attention to her, asks for details of the affair from Benvolio. Benvolio states that Romeo was unwilling to fight and frames Tybalt as the aggressor. Lady Capulet again demands the death of Romeo. Montague takes Romeo’s side saying that Romeo is justified in avenging the death of Mercutio, his friend. The Prince then announces his decision. Romeo is now an exile from Verona, and each of the families is heavily fined. He also states that if Romeo is found in the city, he will be immediately put to death. 

ACT 3  SCENE 2 Overview

Juliet waits impatiently in her garden for night to come and bring Romeo to her. Her solitude is interrupted by the Nurse. She arrives carrying the ladder that Romeo has requested, but she throws it away as if it were now useless. The Nurse then begins to ramble incoherently and says three times, “He is dead,” not revealing the identity of the deceased. Juliet concludes that she is speaking of her husband. With Romeo dead, Juliet believes she will be unable to live. The Nurse then mentions Tybalt`s dead body, a statement which leads Juliet to believe that both her husband and cousin are dead. The Nurse finally explains that it is Tybalt who is killed and that Romeo is banished from Verona as a result of the murder.

With sudden revulsion, Juliet loses self-control and denounces Romeo as an evil spirit in the form of an angel. The Nurse responds that there is no trust, no faith, and no honesty in man. Juliet, however, cannot tolerate any criticism of Romeo. The Nurse asks her how she could praise the man who has killed her cousin. Juliet replies that she will never speak ill of her husband. When Juliet thinks of his banishment from Verona and her, she breaks into tears. The Nurse instructs Juliet to go to her room. She herself will go to Friar Lawrence’s cell and bring Romeo, who is hiding there. Juliet gives the Nurse her ring to give to her husband as a token of her love for Romeo. 

Act 3 Scene 3 Overview

In Friar Lawrence’s cell, Romeo is overcome with grief, and wonders what sentence the Prince has decreed. Friar Lawrence tells him he is lucky: the Prince has only banished him. Romeo claims that banishment is a penalty far worse than death, since he will have to live, but without Juliet. The friar tries to counsel Romeo but the youth is so unhappy that he will have none of it. Romeo falls to the floor. The Nurse arrives, and Romeo desperately asks her for news of Juliet. He assumes that Juliet now thinks of him as a murderer and threatens to stab himself. Friar Lawrence stops him and scolds him for being unmanly. He explains that Romeo has much to be grateful for: he and Juliet are both alive, and after matters have calmed down, Prince Escalus might change his mind. The friar sets forth a plan: Romeo will visit Juliet that night, but make sure to leave her chamber, and Verona, before the morning. He will then reside in Mantua until news of their marriage can be spread. The Nurse hands Romeo the ring from Juliet, and this physical symbol of their love revives his spirits. The Nurse departs, and Romeo bids Friar Lawrence farewell. He must prepare to visit Juliet and then flee to Mantua.

Act 3 Scene 4 Overview

Capulet, Lady Capulet, and Paris walk together. Capulet says that because of the terrible recent events, he has had no time to ask his daughter about her feelings for Paris. Lady Capulet states that she will know her daughter’s thoughts by the morning. Paris is about to leave when Capulet calls him back and makes what he calls “a desperate tender of my child’s love” (3.4.12–13). Capulet says he thinks his daughter will listen to him, then corrects himself and states that he is sure Juliet will abide by his decision. He promises Paris that the wedding will be held on Wednesday, then stops suddenly and asks what day it is. Paris responds that it is Monday; Capulet decides that Wednesday is too soon, and that the wedding should instead be held on Thursday.

ACT 3 SCENE 5 Overview

The scene opens just before dawn on Tuesday morning, and Romeo and Juliet appear on the balcony of her room. He must leave the city before daylight, and the two are bidding a lingering farewell to each other. Romeo has heard the song of the lark announcing the coming of dawn, but Juliet, hoping to hold her husband awhile longer, insists that it was the nightingale. Romeo then points to the horizon where streaks of light are seen in the east, but she claims that it is a meteor to light him on his way to Mantua in the darkness. He says that he would prefer to die rather than leave her. At the word death, she yields and bids him to go before he is discovered and can escape. As Romeo prepares to depart, the Nurse announces Lady Capulet’s arrival. The two lovers exchange final kisses, and Romeo goes down the ladder. Juliet tells him to write to her every hour, and he promises to do so. They part after a very touching farewell.
When Lady Capulet comes in, she scolds Juliet for weeping too long over Tybalt’s death. She then announces that she has good news to cheer Juliet. Her father has fixed her marriage to Paris for Thursday morning at Saint Peter’s Church. Juliet, shocked by this complication, tells her mother that she refuses to marry a man who has not even wooed her. When Lady Capulet tells her husband about Juliet’s decision, Capulet cannot believe his ears and confronts his daughter. He orders her to be ready to go to church on Thursday . When Lady Capulet and Juliet plead with him, he refuses to listen. He threatens to disinherit her if she refuses to marry Paris.

Juliet’s pleading with her mother to put off the marriage even for a week is to no avail. Juliet then seeks the Nurse’s advice, but she has no wisdom for the young bride. Instead, the Nurse tells her that since Romeo is banished and will not dare to return, it would be better for Juliet to marry the handsome Paris and forget Romeo, a suggestion that is horrifying to Juliet. In a soliloquy, she describes the Nurse as the personification of evil and a wicked friend. She also asks herself which is the greater sin: to lie (as she has just done to her mother) or to speak ill of her husband. With determination and maturity, Juliet vows that she will never trust the Nurse’s advice again and that in future she will follow her own will. She then decides to go to Friar Lawrence to confess, receive absolution, and seek his advice, just like her husband sought refuge in the Friar’s cell after the murder of Tybalt. Since the young lovers cannot be honest with their own fathers, they always turn to their father confessor. 

Act 4 Scene 1 Overview

In his cell, Friar Lawrence speaks with Paris about the latter’s impending marriage to Juliet. Paris says that Juliet’s grief about Tybalt’s death has made her unbalanced, and that Capulet, in his wisdom, has determined they should marry soon so that Juliet can stop crying and put an end to her period of mourning. The friar remarks to himself that he wishes he were unaware of the reason that Paris’s marriage to Juliet should be delayed.
Juliet enters, and Paris speaks to her lovingly, if somewhat arrogantly. Juliet responds indifferently, showing neither affection nor dislike. She remarks that she has not married him yet. On the pretense that he must hear Juliet’s confession, Friar Lawrence ushers Paris away, though not before Paris kisses Juliet once. After Paris leaves, Juliet asks Friar Lawrence for help, brandishing a knife and saying that she will kill herself rather than marry Paris. The friar proposes a plan: Juliet must consent to marry Paris; then, on the night before the wedding, she must drink a sleeping potion that will make her appear to be dead; she will be laid to rest in the Capulet tomb, and the friar will send word to Romeo in Mantua to help him retrieve her when she wakes up. She will then return to Mantua with Romeo, and be free to live with him away from their parents’ hatred. Juliet consents to the plan wholeheartedly. Friar Lawrence gives her the sleeping potion.

Act 4 Scene 2 Overview

Juliet returns home, where she finds Capulet and Lady Capulet preparing for the wedding. She surprises her parents by repenting her disobedience and cheerfully agreeing to marry Paris. Capulet is so pleased that he insists on moving the marriage up a day, to Wednesday—tomorrow. Juliet heads to her chambers to, ostensibly, prepare for her wedding. Capulet heads off to tell Paris the news.

Act 4 Scene 3 Overview

In her bedchamber, Juliet asks the Nurse to let her spend the night by herself, and repeats the request to Lady Capulet when she arrives. Alone, clutching the vial given to her by Friar Lawrence, she wonders what will happen when she drinks it. If the friar is untrustworthy and seeks merely to hide his role in her marriage to Romeo, she might die; or, if Romeo is late for some reason, she might awaken in the tomb and go mad with fear. She has a vision in which she sees Tybalt’s ghost searching for Romeo. She begs Tybalt’s ghost to quit its search for Romeo, and toasting to Romeo, drinks the contents of the vial.

Act 4 Scene 4-5 Overview

Early the next morning, the Capulet house is aflutter with preparations for the wedding. Capulet sends the Nurse to go wake Juliet. She finds Juliet dead and begins to wail, soon joined by both Lady Capulet and Capulet. Paris arrives with Friar Lawrence and a group of musicians for the wedding. When he learns what has happened, Paris joins in the lamentations. The friar reminds them all that Juliet has gone to a better place, and urges them to make ready for her funeral. Sorrowfully, they comply, and exit.
Left behind, the musicians begin to pack up, their task cut short. Peter, the Capulet servant, enters and asks the musicians to play a happy tune to ease his sorrowful heart. The musicians refuse, arguing that to play such music would be inappropriate. Angered, Peter insults the musicians, who respond in kind. After singing a final insult at the musicians, Peter leaves. The musicians decide to wait for the mourners to return so that they might get to eat the lunch that will be served.

Act 5 Scene 1 Overview

On Wednesday morning, on a street in Mantua, a cheerful Romeo describes a wonderful dream he had the night before: Juliet found him lying dead, but she kissed him, and breathed new life into his body. Just then, Balthasar enters, and Romeo greets him happily, saying that Balthasar must have come from Verona with news of Juliet and his father. Romeo comments that nothing can be ill in the world if Juliet is well. Balthasar replies that nothing can be ill, then, for Juliet is well: she is in heaven, found dead that morning at her home. Thunderstruck, Romeo cries out “Then I defy you, stars” (5.1.24).
He tells Balthasar to get him pen and paper (with which he writes a letter for Balthasar to give to Montague) and to hire horses, and says that he will return to Verona that night. Balthasar says that Romeo seems so distraught that he is afraid to leave him, but Romeo insists. Romeo suddenly stops and asks if Balthasar is carrying a letter from Friar Lawrence. Balthasar says he is not, and Romeo sends his servant on his way. Once Balthasar is gone, Romeo says that he will lie with Juliet that night. He goes to find an apothecary, a seller of drugs. After telling the man in the shop that he looks poor, Romeo offers to pay him well for a vial of poison. The Apothecary says that he has just such a thing, but that selling poison in Mantua carries the death sentence. Romeo replies that the Apothecary is too poor to refuse the sale. The Apothecary finally relents and sells Romeo the poison. Once alone, Romeo speaks to the vial, declaring that he will go to Juliet’s tomb and kill himself.

Act 5 Scene 2 Overview

At his cell, Friar Lawrence speaks with Friar John, whom he had earlier sent to Mantua with a letter for Romeo. He asks John how Romeo responded to his letter (which described the plan involving Juliet’s false death). Friar John replies that he was unable to deliver the letter because he was shut up in a quarantined house due to an outbreak of plague. Friar Lawrence becomes upset, realizing that if Romeo does not know about Juliet’s false death, there will be no one to retrieve her from the tomb when she awakes. (He does not know that Romeo has learned of Juliet’s death and believes it to be real.) Sending for a crowbar, Friar Lawrence declares that he will have to rescue Juliet from the tomb on his own. He sends another letter to Romeo to warn him about what has happened, and plans to keep Juliet in his cell until Romeo arrives.

Act 5 Scene 3 Overview

This scene is set at night, in a graveyard with the sealed vault of the Capulets in the background. The effect of Juliet’s potion is beginning to wear off. Paris enters and places flowers on her tomb. He has posted a servant, some distance away, and told him to whistle if he sees anyone nearby. When he hears the page whistle, he steps into the dark. Romeo enters with Balthasar. He takes the pickaxe and crowbar from Balthasar and tells him to deliver a letter to his father. He plans to open the vault of Juliet, see her face, and take a ring from her finger. He tells his servant not to interfere, but the anxious Balthasar lingers nearby.
While Romeo is engaged in opening the tomb, Paris comes forward. He recognizes the killer of Tybalt, whose death he reasons, was the cause of Juliet’s suicide. Paris demands that Romeo surrender so that he can be taken to the Prince for breaking his exile. Romeo, in no mood for a fight, begs Paris to leave him alone so he will not have to commit another murder. Paris refuses and attempts to arrest Romeo, who defends himself. In the fight that follows, Romeo kills his opponent. The dying wish of Paris is that he be laid next to Juliet. By then, his page has run off to notify the authorities of the killing.
To his shock, Romeo discovers that his opponent was Paris, whom he failed to recognize in the dark. He recalls Balthasar telling him about Juliet’s proposed marriage to Paris. He accepts the dead man as a fellow unfortunate and lays him in the tomb beside Juliet. When Romeo sees his true love, he is pleased that death has not destroyed her beauty. He fancies that death has fallen in love with Juliet and that he must jealously guard her against “the abhorred monster”! He kisses her, drinks the poison, and dies.

Friar Lawrence enters the graveyard with the intention of opening the tomb. Balthasar sees him, but refuses to accompany him for fear of his master. The Friar enters the tomb, and is shocked to find Romeo and Paris lying dead. Juliet stirs, comes to her senses, and immediately asks for Romeo. Friar Lawrence tells her sorrowfully of Romeo’s death. He suggests that she join a sisterhood of nuns. Juliet spies her dead “husband” with an empty cup of poison in his hand. She kisses his lips, snatches Romeo’s dagger, and stabs herself. She falls dead on Romeo’s body.
Paris’ servant returns with the city watch. Balthasar and the Friar are arrested on suspicion of murder. Soon the Capulets and the Montagues arrive with the Prince. The Prince orders the arrested persons to be brought before him for trial. The Friar pleads not guilty and tells what has happened. The Prince reads Romeo’s letter to his father and realizes the truth of the Friar’s statements. Then, he rebukes the heads of the two opposing families for their enmity and holds himself responsible for not being severe in carrying out his orders for peace. The prince imposes no further penalties; the tragedy before them is sufficient punishment for them all.
Capulet then extends his hand in friendship to Montague, and each promises to raise a statue in gold of the other’s child. The Prince concludes that none has heard “a story of more woe than this of Juliet and Romeo.” 

Monday, 18 June 2012

Of Mice and Men Notes and Free Essays

The novel, Of Mice and Men is written by a clever, exciting author, John Steinbeck.
Two migrant workersGeorge and Lennie, have been let off a bus miles away from the California farm where they are due to start work. George is a small, dark man with “sharp, strong features.” Lennie, his companion, is his opposite, a giant of a man with a “shapeless” face. Overcome with thirst, the two stop in a clearing by a pool and decide to camp for the night. As the two converse, it becomes clear that Lennie has a mild mental disability, and is deeply devoted to George and dependent upon him for protection and guidance.

Of Mice and Men explores a range of different themes:

  • Loneliness and Isolation
    • Prejudice and Discrimination
    • The Impossibility of the American Dream
    • Friendships

    Loneliness and Isolation Explanation and Quotes
    Virtually everyone on the ranch, at some point, suffers from loneliness. The main characters that suffer from loneliness are Candy, Curley's wife and Crooks.
    Curley's wife desperately strives for someone to talk to. She doesn't communicate to her husband at all. This is because she was forced to marry Curley. 

    Curley's wife is a extremly lovely but isolated woman. Curley's wife is really unhappy. She has nobody she can talk to except Curely, her jealous husband, whom she married after she did not get a letter of a talent scout who told her that she has the talent for a moviestar. Curley's wife is really unhappy with her husband, because Curley isolates her, so she can not talk to anybody. She is a dangerous woman for the people on the farm.
    She often trys to seduce some migrant workers on the farm. Always when she comes in a room her first question is: "Is Curley here"." But everybody on the farm knows that she is not looking for Cuerly when she asks that. One time Curley caught a man with his wife in the barn, doing their "own buisness." Because Curley's wife is so atractive and Curley is so jealous, he Curley trys to isolate her. After she got killed by Lennie, John Steinberg makes the reader feel sad about what happend to her. She just wanted to break through her isolation and live a normal life.

    Loneliness has made Crook's a very bitter and isolated individual. He is truly not able to leave this situation because of his race. The other men at the ranch do not relate with Crooks unless he is working because he is black. Other than when they are working, the other men shut Crooks out off all of their activities except horseshoes. Crooks are very isolated and not welcome in leisure activities. He has become bitter and known to lash out at people because of the loneliness that he has. Crooks's emotions are displayed to the reader when he talks to Lennie in his room about having no one to relate to and communicate with. He states: "Maybe you can see now. You got George. You know he's goin' to come back. S'pose you didn't have nobody. S'pose you couldn't go into the bunk house and play rummy `cuase you was black...A guy needs somebody--to be near him" (Steinbeck 72). In a way, everyone needs someone to talk to, whether it is a friend, family member, or even a pet. This is a source of comfort and wealth for the person. Crooks does not have any of these sources. Crooks has never been treated well by any of his co-workers because he is black. This has affected Crooks greatly. He has become bitter and has obtained a passionate animosity toward everyone. He has a certain demeanor toward everyone due to the way he is treated because of his race. In addition, Crooks also does not know how to relate and function normally anymore because of how his loneliness has effected him. Crooks's animosity was exemplified when Lennie comes into his room unannounced. He greets Lennie with: "Come on in and set a while...'Long as you won't get out and leave me alone, you might as well set down." Crooks has been lonely for so long that he expects people not to talk to him. When Lennie comes in and does not have any intention of hurting him, he realizes it and he let's his guard down. It may seem that he doesn't desire friendships or affection, but he no longer knows how to deal with his loneliness. It has made him into another person, one that obtains a relentless hostility toward anyone and everyone that gets close to him. 

    Candy, once an old ranch worker, is now confined to the mundane job of cleaning. He lost his hand at some point and has only a stump to show, which may have hindered his career as a ranch worker- we do not know Candy's background and how long he was like that for. However, it is apparent that he is isolated by his disability, just as Lennie is isolated by his mental retardation. He has only a dog for a companion, a mongrel he has had since it was a pup. The dog used to be a fine sheepdog, but not unlike Candy, it is now viewed as being no longer of any use or purpose. Carlson insists that the dog be shot- after much convincing he takes the dog outside and kills it. This is devastating for Candy- not only was the creature his main friend and ally in a way, but he had allowed another man to kill it. If it was to be killed, he insists later, he should have done it himself. He has no relatives, and once his dog is killed is totally alone.
    Key Quotes in Of Mice and Men:

    Section 1
    1.     "On the sand banks the rabbits sat as quietly as little gray, sculptured stones." pg. 4
    2.     "he walked heavily, dragging his feet a little, the way a bear drags his paws."pg. 4
    3.     "You'd drink out of a gutter if you was thirsty."pg. 5
    4.     "Slowly, like a terrier who doesn't want to bring a ball to its master, Lennie approached, drew back, approached again." pg. 10
    5.     “if I was alone I could live so easy. I could go get a job an' work, an' no trouble....An' whatta I got.” pg. 12
    6.     “You get in trouble. You do bad things and I got to get you out.'" pg. 12
    7.     "Guys like us that work on ranches are the loneliest guys in the world. They got no family. They don't belong no place....” pg. 15
    8.      We got a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us." pg. 15
    9.     " I got you to look after me, and you got me to look after you, and that's why." pg. 15-16
    10.  "'we'll have a big vegetable patch and a rabbit hutch and chickens. And when it rains in the winter, we'll just say the hell with goin' to work, and we'll build up a fire in the stove and set around it an' listen to the rain comin' down on the roof...'" pp. 16
    Section 2
    11.  "At about ten o'clock in the morning the sun threw a bright dust-laden bar through one of the side windows, and in and out of the beam flies shot like rushing stars." pp. 19
    12.  "Curley's like a lot of little guys. He hates big guys. He's alla time picking scraps with big guys." pg. 28
    13.  “ a gravity in his manner… all talk stopped when he spoke…his authority was so great that his word was taken on any subject… Slim the jerkline skinner” pg.35
    14.  "'Ain't many guys travel around together,' he mused. 'I don't know why. Maybe ever'body in the whole damn world is scared of each other.'" pg. 36
    Section 3
    15.  "Although there was evening brightness showing through the windows of the bunk house, inside it was dusk." pg. 39
    16.  "Well, you ain't bein' kind to him keepin' him alive." pg. 46
    17.   “That dog ain't no good to himself. I wisht somebody'd shoot me if I got old an' a cripple." pg. 46
    18.  "We could live offa the fatta the lan'." pg. 56
    19.  " When they can me here I wisht somebody'd shoot me… I won't have no place to go, an' I can't get no more jobs." pg. 60
    20.  "I ought to of shot that dog myself, George. pg. 61
    21.  "Lennie covered his face with huge paws and bleated with terror." pg. 63

    Section 4
    22.  "I seen it over an' over-a guy talkin' to another guy and it don't make no difference if he don't hear or understand. The thing is, they're talkin', or they're settin' still not talkin'. It don't make no difference, no difference....It's just the talking." pg. 70
    23.  “They'll take ya to the booby hatch. They'll tie ya up with a collar, like a dog." pg. 71
    24.  "'A guy needs somebody-to be near him.' He whined, 'A guy goes nuts if he ain't got nobody.'" pg. 72
    25.  "Nobody never gets to heaven, and  nobody gets no land." pg. 73
    Section 5
    26.  "Why can't I talk to you? I never get to talk to nobody. I get awful lonely." pg. 85
    27.  "He pawed up the hay until it partly covered her." pg. 90
    28.  "As happens sometimes, a moment settled and hovered and  remained for much more than a moment. And sound stopped and movement stopped for much, much  more than a moment." pg. 91
    29.  "I think I knowed from the very first. I think I knowed we'd never do her. He musta like to hear about it so much I got to thinking maybe we would." pg. 93
    Section 6
    30.  "Already the sun had left the valley to go climbing up the slopes of the Gabilan mountains, and the hilltops were rosy in the sun." pg. 98
    31.  "No, Lennie. I ain't mad. I never been mad an' I ain't now. That's a thing I want ya to know." pg. 108
    32.  "The crash of the shot rolled up the hills and rolled down again." Chapter 6, pg. 105
    33.  "'Never you mind,' said Slim. 'A guy got to sometimes.” pg. 105